Kreativiti, inovasi dalam pendidikan

10 Disember 2012, Isnin

Tan Sri Alimuddin Mohd. Dom

Pertandingan mereka cipta dan inovasi menyerlahkan daya fikir pelajar sekolah. – Gambar hiasan

ADA yang bertanya kepada saya jika kreativiti dan inovasi penting dalam pendidikan, mengapa ia tidak dijadikan sebagai mata pelajaran dan kurikulumnya diajar dalam bilik darjah.

Jawapannya, kreativiti dan inovasi tidak boleh diajar tetapi ia boleh diterap secara tidak langsung melalui aktiviti pengajaran dan pembelajaran yang dilakukan secara terancang.

Dengan kata lain apa sahaja mata pelajaran kedua-dua elemen itu boleh diajar oleh guru melalui pendekatan pengajaran yang berpusat kepada murid atau student centre.

Pengajaran berpusat kepada murid maksudnya pengajaran dan pembelajaran yang dilakukan secara dua hala iaitu guru mengajar dan murid belajar. Guru dikehendaki sentiasa mencabar keupayaan berfikir muridnya dengan menggunakan pelbagai teknik mengajar dan alat bantu pengajaran yang menarik minat murid.

Mempelbagaikan aktiviti pembelajaran seperti kuiz, forum, syarahan, bahas, membuat projek, kerja berkumpulan dan tugasan luar bilik darjah sangat digalakkan. Aktiviti tersebut akan menggalakkan murid berfikir, berbincang, membuat rujukan, menyediakan nota dan menghasilkan tugasan tersebut. Ini akan menggalakkan percambahan idea dan dapatan baru yang melibatkan unsur-unsur kreativiti dan inovasi di kalangan murid.

Sesungguhnya murid yang kreatif dan inovatif akan menjadi seorang yang sentiasa berfikir, ingin mencipta, bercita-cita besar, berani dan yakin kepada diri sendiri. Inilah ciri-ciri murid yang perlu kita lahirkan untuk menjadi warganegara bagi menghadapi cabaran masa depan terutama dalam memasuki era 2020. Bagi menanganinya tidak menghairankan mengapa kerajaan berbelanja besar dalam Bajet 2013 untuk pendidikan.

Di samping itu Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak telah memberi peruntukan tambahan sebanyak RM500 juta kepada Kementerian Pelajaran bagi melaksanakan aktiviti latihan guru yang berfokus kepada kemahiran berfikir aras tinggi atau high order thinking skills.

Apakah sebenarnya definisi kreativiti dan inovasi itu. Kreativiti ialah suatu bentuk proses pemikiran yang mendorong mengeneralisasi idea baru. Ia melibatkan kombinasi antara idea baru dan idea lama yang diproses semula, membuat pemilihan dan menukar ganti menjadi suatu yang baru.

Sementara itu, inovasi pula merupakan suatu idea, amalan atau objek yang dianggap baru dan yang lebih baik. Inovasi dihasilkan oleh manusia kreatif yang dapat membina trend baru dan menggunakan peluang maksimum walaupun dalam ekosistem yang banyak persaingan.

Sebagai contoh jika dulu penggunaan telefon bimbit hanya sebagai alat perhubungan tetapi kini melalui inovasi ia digunakan sebagai alat hiburan, internet, kamera, penyampai maklumat, memberi pandu arah perjalanan dan membuat pelbagai pengiraan.

Guru memainkan peranan penting bagi menerapkan kedua-dua elemen dalam pengajaran mereka. Sebagai penyampai ilmu guru perlulah memiliki kemahiran tinggi bagi melakukan transformasi dalam menjana minda murid agar menjadi lebih dinamik.

Mempunyai kemahiran sedemikian akan menjadikan guru berada di tahap teratas dan akan disanjung oleh muridnya. Kualiti guru sedemikian akan membolehkan muridnya menguasai berbagai kemahiran lain seperti berfikir aras tinggi, penyelesaian masalah, berkomunikasi dan berkolaborasi dengan baik.

Peranan pengurusan sekolah tidak kurang pentingnya dalam merealisasikan elemen kreativiti dan inovasi dalam kalangan warganya. Dengan perkataan lain pengurusan sekolah juga mesti kreatif dan inovatif agar menjadi organisasi pembelajaran yang bermaklumat, menggalakkan pengembangan pengetahuan baru, berbudaya saintifik, penggunaan teknologi serta ICT secara meluas dan penggunaan tenaga sumber secara maksimum.

Pengetua dan Guru Besar bersama pengurusan tertinggi di sekolah bertanggungjawab bagi mencetuskan budaya kreativiti dan inovasi sama ada di kalangan guru atau murid. Sekolah mestilah menjadi institusi yang menggalakkan tercetusnya pendapat dan idea baru. Bagi mewujudkan suasana tersebut sekolah perlu mengurangkan kerenah birokrasi dalam pengurusan dan memberi ruang kebebasan berkarya kepada warganya.

Pihak pengurusan juga perlu menjadikan iklim sekolah yang sentiasa ceria, bersih, kemas dan bermaklumat. Sikap terbuka, mesra dan berperanan sebagai penyelesai masalah akan menjadikan guru dan murid merasa gembira dan selamat semasa mengikuti aktiviti pembelajaran.

Bagi mewujudkan suasana sedemikian pengurusan sekolah perlulah memastikan berlaku sistem komunikasi dua hala, pengaliran maklumat lebih demokratik, stail kepimpinan yang berhemah dan pembangunan insan yang harmoni.

Kepimpinan sekolah hendaklah terdiri daripada mereka yang berkebolehan dalam menguruskan organisasi pembelajaran. Selain mendapat latihan, berpengalaman dan pengetahuan yang luas dalam bidang pendidikan mereka perlu mempunyai dorongan dan komitmen yang kuat bagi membawa perubahan kepada sekolah.

Perlu ada visi dan misi, strategi dan perancangan yang baik. Bagi memastikan kejayaan perancangan tersebut mereka perlu mendapat sokongan dan kerjasama yang padu daripada seluruh warga sekolah termasuk ibu bapa.

Mempunyai ciri budaya sekolah yang menggalakkan kreativiti dan inovasi akan mendorong semangat belajar yang tinggi di kalangan murid, mempunyai daya usaha sendiri dan sentiasa berusaha mengembangkan potensi ke arah yang lebih baik.

Dengan bimbingan dan sokongan guru-guru yang dedikasi, terlatih dan profesional usaha yang dilakukan oleh murid akan membuahkan kejayaan nanti.

Keberkesanan sekolah akan terserlah jika mereka dapat menggunakan teknologi dan ICT dalam pengurusan dan dalam bilik darjah. Sebenarnya teknologi tidak dilihat sebagai alat semata-mata tetapi boleh menjadikan sistem pengurusan lebih efisien dan berkesan.

Penggunaan ICT secara meluas dapat membina imej baru dalam pengurusan organisasi yang berprestasi tinggi. Ia akan menjadikan sekolah lebih berdaya saing dan menjadi lebih produktif.

Seperti yang ditegaskan oleh Menteri Pelajaran, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, dalam majlis Perhimpunan Khas Guru Malaysia pada 3 November lepas bahawa; “Guru perlu meneliti semula amalan bilik darjah yang sesuai dengan ciri serta situasi murid sekarang.

”Kreativiti dan inovasi amat dituntut untuk melahirkan generasi murid berfikiran kelas pertama dalam abad ke-21 ini untuk bersaing dalam abad penuh cabaran ini kita tiada pilihan kecuali meningkatkan keupayaan kreativiti dan inovasi. Dalam senario ini tugas guru semakin mencabar.”

Artikel Penuh: http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/Rencana/20121210/re_01/Kreativiti-inovasi-dalam-pendidikan#ixzz2EhCL9kb4
© Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd

Robots to the fore

Sunday November 25, 2012

http://thestar.com.my/education/story.asp?file=/2012/11/25/education/12319550&sec=education

By LUWITA HANA RANDHAWA
educate@thestar.com.my

 

Moment of glory: (from left) Phileas, Zi Xuan and Natasha showing off the medals they won.Moment of glory: (from left) Phileas, Zi Xuan and Natasha showing off the medals they won.

WHILE most kids were kicking off their shoes and savouring the first weekend of the school holidays, a select group of budding young scientists were hard at work at the World Robot Olympiad (WRO) 2012 finals.

Held at Sunway Pyramid Convention Centre, the international robotics competition that began in 2004 saw 405 teams from 30 different countries taking part in its biggest competition yet.

Teams designed autonomous interactive robots, robots that can help people with their daily chores, and life-like robots that can sense, learn and adapt with minimal human intervention, all within the space of a weekend.

It was the first time that Kuala Lumpur hosted the event and the Malaysian contingent certainly did the country proud, scooping 12 of the 21 awards in the main categories.

There were two categories (Regular and Open) where awards were allocated based on age groups (Elementary, Junior High and Senior High).

Team SCB9 from SJK (C) Batu 9, Cheras, won the gold medal in the Elementary School Regular category. The category required contestants to programme robots to complete a series of tasks.

“I like this competition because it allows me to be creative,” said team leader Yeo Yong Jie, 12, adding that their robot was named after their school.

Happy that they finally struck gold with the win, teammate Liew Kai Young, 12, is “looking forward to celebrating as we’ve been participating in this competition for three years.”

Group member Tah Chi Bin, 12, added that he would like to be a scientist when he grows up.

The pupils’ coach Tan Cher Chor shared that though the boys argued, they are also smart.

“They know that arguing will not bring them to victory. So, they will stop arguing and start discussing solutions instead,” said Tan.

Ong Lai Choo, the boys’ science teacher who has seen them through the state and national competition levels, added that the trio showed the most potential in the school’s Robotics Club.

In the Open category, where contestants were required to create their own robotics solutions based on this year’s theme “Robots Connecting People”, it was Team Friendship Builders from SJK (C) Jalan Davidson, Kuala Lumpur, that scored first prize among the Elementary School teams.

Team leader Natasha Wong, 12, explained that teams were given 45 minutes and that their design was a friendship bridge built for two players.

“We have been training hard since March,” she said, adding that they worked after school, during weekends and even on public holidays.

Teammate Phileas Mah, 12, said being good friends before becoming teammates had helped their win.

“It’s ok if you don’t win, as long as you learn something from this competition. Team members should always help each other and ask questions,” said the youngest member of the group, Ooi Zi Xuan, 10.

Their coach cum teacher Adrian Ong is happy with their win stating that they were independent pupils and did not need much supervision for the competition.

Deputy Education Minister Datuk Dr Wee Ka Siong attended the closing ceremony and extended his praise to the tenacity, dedication and ingenuity that were shown by all the participating teams.

“The Olympiad has been the perfect platform for highlighting the importance of mastering scientific knowledge and technological competency,” he said. The next WRO will convene in Jakarta next year.

Deputy Prime Minister and Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin met with the winning teams at Parliament on Monday.

Thinking out of the box

Sunday November 18, 2012

http://thestar.com.my/education/story.asp?file=/2012/11/18/education/12314707&sec=education

 

<b>Doll house</b>: Nur Natasya Amera’s ingenious effort won first prize in the junior category.Doll house: Nur Natasya Amera’s ingenious effort won first prize in the junior category.

THE recent “Out of the Carton: Eco Design Competition 2012” saw many creative entries from both primary and tertiary level students.

Launched in June this year, the competition challenged participants to think differently and conceptualise recycling design ideas fashioned primarily out of used beverage cartons.

The designs had to conform to the themes of “My Favourite Toy” and “Protect What’s Good” for the Junior and Senior categories respectively.

“The company’s environmental sustainability efforts to reduce beverage carton disposal to landfills includes the promotion of extending the life cycle of a beverage carton beyond its primary use.

“The competition is one of our many initiatives to engage the younger generation and raise awareness about environmental sustainability,” said Tetra Pak (Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines) Sdn Bhd managing director Gaine Clarke.

Adding that they were astounded by the creativity displayed in the entries, Clarke also thanked the Malaysia Design Council for their support as the competition’s curriculum partner.

Pleased with the company’s efforts, the council’s senior general manager Futom Shikh Jaafar said the council is always on the lookout to support programmes and initiatives that will nurture the growth of the local talent pool.

<b>Robo-Pak:</b> Made from recycled Tetra Pak beverage cartons, the “Robot Tank” by SJK (C) Yuk Chai pupils Wong Chi Lik and Eng Chern Qi was chosen People’s Choice Award winner in the junior category.Robo-Pak: Made from recycled Tetra Pak beverage cartons, the “Robot Tank” by SJK (C) Yuk Chai pupils Wong Chi Lik and Eng Chern Qi was chosen People’s Choice Award winner in the junior category.

First prize in the junior category went to Nur Natasya Amera Azman’s “Doll House”.

The house was a beautiful piece of work crafted from different sizes of used beverage cartons.

Meanwhile, the senior category saw Malaysian Institute of Art student Lee Jie Teng coming out tops with his “Folding Night Lamp” that was inspired by a Chinese folding fan.

Top awards for both the junior and senior categories include cash prizes totalling RM8,000, as well as a local educational trip and a paid trip to Singapore respectively.

Additionally, the council also awarded a RM5,000 cash prize under a special category called “Best Potential Design”.

There were also People’s Choice Award winners for both categories, based on Facebook public votes and on-site votes during the Finalists Exhibition at Publika, Kuala Lumpur.

Valuable insight to be gained from School of Tomorrow meet

Tuesday November 20, 2012

http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/11/20/nation/12342212&sec=nation

PETALING JAYA: Educators involved in the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025 are set to gain some insight from the School of Tomorrow conference.

Beaconhouse Group chief executive officer Kasim Kasuri said the two-day conference starting today would feature over 30 local and international panellists.

“I believe the Blueprint will spark an interesting debate between local and international experts at the conference,” said Kasim.

He added that the Education Ministry would send a team and hoped the discussions and debates would help the Government in formulating policies.

Themed “Empowering Lifelong Learners”, the conference in its fourth edition seeks to explore new ways of teaching and learning that empowers students to become learners, he said.

Besides finding innovative methods of teaching, the conference will also touch on early childhood education as well as leadership strategies.

Kasim said the organisers hoped all participants would adopt some of the ideas from the School of Tomorrow vision.

The conference will take place at Sunway Lagoon Hotel and Spa Resort here.

Muhyiddin seru kenal pasti minat, kecenderungan anak

20 November 2012, Selasa

KUALA LUMPUR 19 Nov. – Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin menyeru ibu bapa serta guru mengenal pasti minat dan kecenderungan anak-anak di sekolah dari awal melalui kegiatan kokurikulum serta sukan bagi memastikan bakat mereka tidak terbantut.

Timbalan Perdana Menteri berkata, peranan serta dorongan ibu bapa dan guru merupakan cara terbaik mengembangkan bakat kanak-kanak kerana penglibatan dalam kokurikulum serta sukan dapat melengkapkan dimensi pendidikan seseorang pelajar secara holistik.

“Namun jika minat dan kecenderungan ini tidak diperkukuh melalui sokongan dan dorongan sewajarnya, bakat mereka akan terbantut dan terhenti setakat itu sahaja.

“Oleh itu, saya menyeru guru-guru serta ibu bapa lebih komited dan berusaha ke arah memperkembangkan lagi keupayaan dan kreativiti pelajar serta mengasah pemikiran mereka supaya lebih positif dan progresif melalui apa jua aktiviti kokurikulum yang diceburi,” katanya.

Muhyiddin yang juga Menteri Pelajaran berucap sempena Majlis Makan Tengah Hari Meraikan Kejayaan Kontinjen Malaysia di Pertandingan Robot Olimpiad Dunia Kuala Lumpur (KL WRO 2012) di Dewan Bankuet Parlimen hari ini.

Majlis berkenaan bagi menghargai kejayaan cemerlang negara muncul juara keseluruhan pertandingan yang julung kali dianjurkan Malaysia dari 9 hingga 11 November lalu dengan memungut dua pingat emas, dua perak dan lapan gangsa.

Jumlah terkumpul berkenaan merupakan 50 peratus daripada 24 pingat yang dipertandingkan.

Berhubung kejayaan itu, Muhyiddin berkata, kemenangan tersebut merupakan kejuaraan ketiga Malaysia dalam WRO dan sepanjang sembilan tahun penganjurannya, belum ada pasukan yang berjaya memungut lebih daripada dua pingat emas.

Dalam masa sama, beliau turut berbangga dengan kejayaan Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Penang Free dan Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Selangor yang memenangi Anugerah Tajaan dan Pemasaran, Anugerah Paling Disukai (Most Liked) serta Anugerah Kajian Terbaik dan Pembangunan dalam pertandingan ‘F1 In Schools’ di Abu Dhabi, baru-baru ini.

Artikel Penuh: http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/Dalam_Negeri/20121120/dn_03/Muhyiddin-seru-kenal-pasti-minat-kecenderungan-anak#ixzz2CjcbHoNn
© Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd

Of ideas and creations

Sunday November 11, 2012

http://thestar.com.my/education/story.asp?file=/2012/11/11/education/12194614&sec=education

By COLLEEN THOR SIT YEE
educate@thestar.com.my

 

Hard at work: Teams were required to use rubber bands, paper clips or anything from their immediate surroundings to build their inventions.Hard at work: Teams were required to use rubber bands, paper clips or anything from their immediate surroundings to build their inventions.

FROM tickling bored friends to exercising your dog while you fish, the recently concluded “Dengan Inovasi, Yo!” workshop was all about innovation.

Held at SMK (P) Sri Aman, the workshop was the brainchild of Kakiseni and funded by the Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry in conjunction with its Year of Science and National Innovation Movement 2012.

Aimed at introducing innovation to students as something that can be practised in everyday life and not just for scientists, the workshop was attended by 87 Form Three students.

“Innovation is about being observant regarding your surroundings, understanding people’s needs or wants, and then coming up with an idea to fulfil that need,” said workshop facilitator Sharizan Borhan.

Marvellous minds: A team showing off their simple but unique bird perch.Marvellous minds: A team showing off their simple but unique bird perch.

“Every time you think of and try out a possibly better way to study, you are being innovative,” he added.

Among the activities held during the workshop were script experiments where students were exposed to innovative practices.

They were required to read scripts with punctuation marks positioned at unusual places to show how punctuation could change the entire tone and feel of a scene or sentence.

Music experiments conducted had the students in groups, clapping hands and stamping feet amongst other things, in an attempt to turn a monotonous piece of music into a masterpiece.

Wan Farra Ayesha Wan Muhaimin, 15, took part in both experiments and proclaimed them eye-openers.

“I didn’t really think that you could be innovative with punctuation,” she said.

Counselling teacher and workshop coordinator Sofiah Abu Bakar said the workshop was unique in the way it presented innovation.

“The exercises emphasise that innovation is not just present in science. It’s about creativity in all aspects of life. It is perfect for these students who have just sat for their Penilaian Menengah Rendah examination and will soon be thinking of the next step in their lives,” said Sofiah.

Speaking on behalf of Kakiseni, 26-year-old Chong Wei Yung said the organisation wanted to do something that included art and culture elements but was also in line with the science and innovation theme.

“We wanted to work with school students and this initiative by the ministry has provided a great opportunity for us to do so.”

He added that the workshop was a means to highlight to students how innovation can drive volunteerism as well.

The workshop ended with a Spontaneous Innovation Championship where participants in groups of 10 or 11, had to come up with an idea or invention using straws, rubber bands, paper clips and anything else from their immediate surroundings.

Judging from the various inventions presented, including a dog leash-cum-fishing rod and a device that tickles the person tickling as well, the spirit of innovation was certainly alive.

The winning team came up with an invention that was to solve a frequent complaint at school.

“Teachers here are always telling us that we dirty the school toilets with our muddy shoes. So our invention not only keeps the mud off our shoes but gives the wearer better grip on slippery toilet floors,” said Nur Syafiqah Adam Malik.

Her team had invented “Inovasi Mudpoof”, a protective slip-on for shoes fashioned from a plastic folder, rubber bands and straws.

DPM: Real life skills add to students’ experience

Saturday November 10, 2012 MYT 2:17:00 PM

http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/11/10/nation/20121110141749&sec=nation

PETALING JAYA: Learning outside the classroom can help students to enrich their experience and learn about real life, said Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.

He said such learning thinking skills, problem solving, self-study and the skill to work as a team were important for life in the 21st century.

Muhyiddin, who is also the Education Minister, said this when opening the World Robotic Olympiad (WRO) on Saturday, which saw host Malaysia sending the largest contingent with the participation of 56 teams competing in various categories.

“Learning through activities such as designing, constructing and robot handling will help the students to master knowledge and skills in the fields of computer engineering, electrical and high technology mechanical engineering which have a high demand in industry,” he said.

He noted that the organising of the WRO in Kuala Lumpur was also appropriate with the declaration of 2012 as the Year of Science and National Innovations Movement (SGI 2012) aimed at mobilising the national development agenda through the enculturation of science and innovation among Malaysians.

Muhyiddin said that just like in the other developing countries, the field of science and technology played an important role in Malaysia’s development, particularly in efforts towards becoming a developed nation with a high income. – Bernama