Berita Harian, Perpustakaan

Van buku bantu kanak-kanak miskin Nigeria

LAGOS: Funmi Ilori pernah bermimpi membina perpustakaan terbesar di Afrika. Kini beliau memandu van yang dipenuhi dengan buku ke kawasan miskin di Lagos untuk membantu kanak-kanak menemukan perasaan cinta untuk membaca.

“Pembaca ialah apa?” tanyanya kepada kira-kira 15 remaja yang duduk di kerusi plastik dalam kelas yang diubah suai daripada lori.

“Pemimpin!” Mereka menyahut serentak.

Salah satu perpustakaan bergerak Ilori, iRead Mobile Library berhenti di sekolah rendah Bethel yang terletak di daerah kelas pekerja, Ifako di tengah-tengah Lagos.

Dalam kawasan sekolah, gelungsur dan jongkang-jongket berkarat dalam udara lembap. Guru Besarnya, Ruth Aderibigbe, berkata kira-kira 200 pelajarnya hanya memiliki sebuah buku teks.

“Buku memerlukan banyak wang,” katanya.

Apabila iRead muncul di sekolah itu dua tahun lalu dengan pilihan buku yang luas daripada buku mewarna untuk kanak-kanak hinggalah novel kanak-kanak serta beberapa judul untuk dewasa, beliau menerimanya dengan tangan terbuka.

Kanak-kanak yang terbabit dalam program itu kini sudah boleh bercakap dan mengeja dalam bahasa Inggeris dengan lebih baik,” katanya.

Di dalam van, kanak-kanak lelaki berusia lingkungan 10 tahun memegang naskhah Half of a Yellow Sun, iaitu karya terlaris di pasaran antarabangsa oleh novelis Nigeria, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

Buku itu jelas sudah banyak kali dibaca: tulang buku itu hampir-hampir tidak dapat memegang halamannya.

Adichie sebelum ini terbabit dalam kontroversi apabila wartawan Perancis melontarkan soalan kepadanya dalam kunjungannya ke Paris sama ada Nigeria memiliki kedai buku atau tidak.

“Saya fikir ia mencerminkan bagaimana orang Perancis sangat miskin sehingga anda terpaksa bertanya soalan begitu kepada saya,” balas Adichie yang menambah maksudnya adalah berkaitan sifat rasis dan pandangan kolonial Perancis kepada Afrika.

Ilori sedar akan kontroversi itu dan memahami mengapa soalan berkenaan menyinggung perasaan. Bagaimanapun, beliau melihat isu terbabit dengan luas dan mendedikasikan diri untuk menyelesaikannya.

“Perpustakaan awam berfungsi di Nigeria, sekurang-kurangnya di Lagos. Namun tidak ramai yang memaksimumkan penggunaannya.

“Kita perlu menarik pembaca baharu sejak dari awal usia. Dalam masyarakat luar bandar, ada kanak-kanak yang tidak pernah memegang buku,” katanya.

Ilori ialah bekas guru sekolah rendah yang memulakan perniagaan peminjaman buku pada 2013.

“Buku dalam bakul. Saya pergi dari pintu ke pintu,” katanya.

Buku boleh dipinjam dengan bayaran beberapa ratus naira (beberapa ringgit) tetapi daripada pengalaman itu, beliau menyedari hanya ada beberapa orang yang bertungkus-lumus dalam ekonomi seharian memiliki masa terluang untuk membaca.

Selepas 10 tahun memulakan skim ‘buku dalam bakul’, beliau mendapat idea perpustakaan bergerak dan memohon dana daripada inisiatif pembangunan kerajaan Nigeria.

Permohonan itu berjaya dan kerajaan menyalurkan 10 juta naira dengan kadar pertukaran ketika itu bersamaan AS$60,000 (RM234,000).

Dengan dana itu, beliau membeli lori dan bas mini yang kecil.

Kini dengan dana dan tajaan, beliau mampu untuk mengambil 13 pekerja, membeli 1,900 buku dan empat van.

Beliau berkunjung ke empat hingga enam sekolah setiap hari, menganjurkan bengkel membaca pada waktu petang dan memperuntukkan masa pada hujung minggu untuk kanak-kanak yang keciciran di kawasan miskin bandar dengan bantuan sukarelawan.

Van berfungsi seperti perpustakaan sebenar: kanak-kanak memilih buku untuk dibaca di rumah dan memulangkannya seminggu selepas itu dan menulis ‘ulasan’ yang diwajibkan mengenai isi kandungannya.

Sade memilih cerita pengembaraan kegemarannya meskipun dia sudah pun menghafaznya.

“Membaca adalah hobi saya. Buku memberikan idea dan membantu saya untuk lebih tahu,” katanya.

Sementara itu, Adinga memilih Bioenergy Insight, iaitu majalah mengenai tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui yang ditemui di rak buku.

“Adakah anda pasti anda akan membacanya?” tanya seorang sukarelawan. Budak lelaki itu menarik mukanya dan meletakkan majalah itu kembali, lalu memilih komik.

Tidak lama kemudian, kanak-kanak sekolah beruniform putih dan hijau dengan tali leher, kembali ke kelas dengan bangga.

Di tangan mereka, ada buku seperti Toy Story atau Goldilocks and the Three Bears.

Ilori melihat mereka dan mengakui ada sesuatu yang hilang.

“Kita perlukan lebih banyak buku kanak-kanak Afrika sekarang,” katnaya.

Memetik pandangan Adichie dalam wawancara yang diterbitkan dalam The Atlantic pada Februari tahun lalu, buku yang dibacanya ketika kecil dan juga “saya fikir benar untuk kebanyakan kanak-kanak di negara yang pernah dijajah, tidak mencerminkan realiti saya yang sebenar.” – AFP

Sumber diperolehi daripada Berita Harian Online

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Perpustakaan, Program

Persekitaran pembelajaran kondusif untuk kanak-kanak

PUSAT perkembangan pendidikan awal kanak-kanak, Educate to Learn Sdn. Bhd., (e2L) dengan kerjasama Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia (PNM) memperkenal program PNM i-play untuk membantu golongan itu berkembang serta belajar melalui bermain.

Di bawah program itu, sebanyak 10 perpustakaan dilengkapi permainan i-play tajaan Yayasan EMKAY yang mengandungi alat-alat permainan atau sumber pembelajaran yang boleh diguna atau dipinjam kanak-kanak, ibu bapa, pendidik dan penyelidik.

Ketua Pengarah PNM, Datuk Raslin Abu Bakar berkata, di bawah kerjasama itu, perpustakaan milik Kolej Perkembangan Awal Kanak-Kanak yang dinaungi oleh salah sebuah anak syarikat e2L iaitu Early Years Development Sdn. Bhd., Perpustakaan Wan Nong dijadikan Perpustakaan Angkat PNM.

“Antara keistimewaan yang dinikmati pengunjung termasuklah kemudahan pinjaman buku secara pukal kepada pihak kolej dan pada masa yang sama, pelajar boleh menyertai program atau aktiviti berkaitan bidang pendidikan awal kanak-kanak seperti sesi bercerita bersama kanak-kanak,” katanya ketika ditemui dalam majlis perjanjian memorandum bersama antara PNM dan e2L yang diwakili Pengarah Eksekutifnya, Farah Mahami Tan Sri Mustapha Kamal.

Menurut Raslin, disebabkan impak berkesan daripada penubuhan 10 perpustakaan PNM i-play, maka kerjasama ini diteruskan dengan penubuhan Sudut Pembelajaran Kanak-Kanak di 16 buah Perpustakaan Desa.

”Hal ini selaras dengan hasrat kami dalam memberikan peluang kepada kanak-kanak di desa atau di kawasan kampung untuk belajar melalui bermain menggunakan bahan permainan yang berkualiti tinggi,” ujarnya.

Selain itu, kata Raslin, petugas Perpustakaan Desa juga akan diberikan latihan khusus bagi membolehkan mereka mengaplikasikan aktiviti atau permainan bersama kanak-kanak dalam komuniti mereka.

Sementara itu, menurut Farah Mahami, di bawah usaha itu, pihaknya dan penglibatan aktif PNM bertujuan menyediakan persekitaran pembelajaran yang kondusif, selesa dan selamat untuk kanak-kanak berkembang dan belajar melalui bermain.

”Kami mahu menyediakan akses bahan pembelajaran yang berkualiti kepada kanak-kanak terutama mereka yang tinggal di desa atau pedalaman.

”Pada masa yang sama, kami mahu menjadikan perpustakaan sebagai hab ilmu pengetahuan kepada semua lapisan masyarakat,” ujarnya.

Beliau berharap melalui program PNM i-play, usaha tersebut mampu meningkatkan minat dan penglibatan kanak-kanak, pelajar serta masyarakat umum di samping membantu mereka memperoleh manfaat dan memahami konsep belajar melalui bermain.

2012, Arkib Berita, ICT/Teknologi, Membaca, Perpustakaan, Program

National Library eyeing more e-books for readers

24 December 2012 | last updated at 12:48AM

 

 

KUALA LUMPUR: The National Library Malaysia (PNM) will undertake information communication technology (ICT) transformation as a step to create a knowledgeable society, in keeping with the times.

Director-general Datuk Raslin Abu Bakar said the programme, to be fully implemented next year, would include the transformation of physical facilities, activities and material collection following increasing number of its visitors in cyber space through its website.

“PNM is moving towards increasing its reading materials electronically, such as through e-book and the computer, as readers are now exposed to sophisticated ICT.

“We’ve always kept abreast with developments in the library field throughout the world and our standard is on par with that of foreign libraries,” he said after launching the “1Malaysia Children’s Festival: I Am A Loyal Reader” at the PNM auditorium here yesterday.

Describing reading as the window to knowledge, Raslin said PNB would also be upgrading its reading area to make reading more comfortable and relaxing and to attract more people.

He said that up to November this year, 3.91 million reading materials, including 312,018 specifically for children, were available at PNM, with the latest books in the market constantly added to the collection for the convenience of visitors.

On the one-day festival, Raslin said it was aimed at encouraging the search for knowledge among children through reading and as a platform for book lovers and families to be engaged in useful activities during the school holidays.

He said from January until November this year, children’s membership of PNM rose by 3.9 per cent to 155,501 from 149,661 last year.

Raslin said the inaugural festival would be made an annual affair following good response from children and their parents, and would be implemented at all state libraries.

Read more: National Library eyeing more e-books for readers – General – New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/national-library-eyeing-more-e-books-for-readers-1.190928#ixzz2Fw9cxrbi

2012, Arkib Berita, Forum, Membaca, Perpustakaan, Rencana, Surat

Public libraries still important in 21st century

Email Print 08 September 2012 | last updated at 08:18AM

By JEAN FAIRBAIRN
jean.fairbairn@eifl.net 0 comments

COMMUNITY RESOURCE: Success stories should convince policymakers to fund them
THERE are more than 230,000 public libraries in developing countries. Known and trusted in their communities, staffed by trained librarians and increasingly connected to the Internet, they are uniquely positioned to change lives and build strong communities.
But this remarkable opportunity to reach people with vital information in areas, such as agriculture, health, employment and poverty reduction — in addition to education — is largely untapped.
Public libraries are mostly still viewed in traditional terms, as quiet spaces for books and study. As a result, they are chronically under-resourced. But there are plenty of success stories that should convince policymakers to unlock their potential.
National public library networks, funded by governments, have branches in cities, provincial towns and villages.
Some national networks also operate mobile library services that reach deep into rural areas.
For example, the Ghana Library Board deploys minibuses, some equipped with WiFi (wireless communications) and laptop computers, in each of Ghana’s 10 regions. Kenya National Library Services uses camels to reach nomadic pastoralists in the country’s arid north-eastern region.
In some countries, vibrant community library sectors have mushroomed over the past two decades.
The Uganda Community Libraries Association lists more than 80 community libraries as its members; there are about 100 community libraries in Ghana, as yet without a network.
These are largely funded with community support — a powerful vote of confidence in libraries as valued and needed institutions.
With economic recession and tough competition for shrinking public funds, public services everywhere are being forced to step up efforts to prove their value and purpose.
As a result, today’s public libraries are focusing more on local needs, and increasing numbers are starting to offer non-traditional services to particular communities. Electronic Information for Libraries (EIFL) is building on this energy with our Public Library Innovation Programme (EIFL-PLIP). Since 2009, EIFL-PLIP has invited public and community libraries in developing countries and those in “transition” (moving to a free market economy) to apply for small grants to implement innovative services based on information and communications technologies (ICTs).
More than 500 libraries from 50 countries applied — indicating high levels of motivation and readiness — and EIFL-PLIP has supported 39 new services in 23 countries.
The services use traditional and modern ICT in creative combinations — print, radio, computers, the Internet, websites, video and, increasingly, mobile phones and smartphones.
For example, Ugandan farmers are using smartphones to send photographs of diseased plants to agricultural researchers, who respond with solutions by text messaging; health workers in northern Ghana use library computers to send advice via text messages to pregnant women; and three libraries in Uganda have created a database of young people, with information about their career plans and a text message opportunities-alert service.
A key part of EIFL-PLIP is to build the capacity of librarians to assess the impact of the programme, which each must do after 12 months. For example, in 2010, Radislav Nikcevic public library in Jagodina, Serbia, launched the AgroLib service — a network of four village libraries where farmers learn ICT skills and now sell their produce through an online market. The village libraries also host lectures and events where farmers can interact with agricultural experts and government support agencies.
This year, librarians are reporting steadily increasing numbers of farmers coming to the libraries — most are looking for information that helps boost yields and increases their income.
Evidence of impact is also emerging from Africa.
Two branches of the Kenya National Library Services have become important health information providers after establishing e-health corners with free Internet access.
In just one year, librarians trained 1,600 health workers, students and members of the public to use the Internet to research health information.
In 2010, EIFL-PLIP commissioned research on the perceptions of public libraries in six countries in Africa: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. While an overwhelming majority of stakeholders, including library users, librarians, and government decision-makers, placed high value on public libraries as educational spaces, only five per cent of users and non-users associated libraries with ICT.
Most library users (85 per cent) rated librarians’ competence as good or very good — except in the area of technology.
But most also strongly believed that libraries could provide community development services in areas such as health, agriculture, e-government, employment and business.
EIFL-PLIP is now using these findings to support teams of librarians in Ghana, Kenya and Uganda to advocate for policy change and sustainable funding, so that they can afford ICT and provide new services focused on community needs, especially in rural areas.
In developing and transition countries, public libraries are small and under-resourced, lacking finance and technology.
Given their numbers, reach and proven potential, that should not be the case.
EIFL-PLIP’s experience and evidence of impact shows that many libraries are ready and able to provide services that change lives and improve livelihoods, with minimal additional support.
It is time to raise awareness and change perceptions of public libraries, provide the funding and training they need to offer these services, and encourage partnerships with other local development agencies.
It is time to bring public libraries fully into the development arena.
This article first appeared on http://www.scidev.net

Read more: Public libraries still important in 21st century – Columnist – New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/public-libraries-still-important-in-21st-century-1.139848#ixzz262wruAZF

2012, Arkib Berita, Perpustakaan, Rencana

UniMAP rintis perpustakaan OCLC

04 September 2012, Selasa

http://www.utusan.com.my/utusan/Kampus/20120904/ka_01/UniMAP-rintis-perpustakaan-OCLC

ARAU 3 Sept. – Perpustakaan Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP) menjadi perpustakaan pertama di Malaysia menyertai rangkaian Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) Worldcat yang membolehkan koleksi perpustakaan diakses dari seluruh dunia.

Naib Canselor UniMAP, Prof. Datuk Dr. Kamarudin Hussin berkata, ini kerana perpustakaan akademik sepatutnya terbuka kepada semua kelompok dan tidak terhad kepada golongan akademik semata-mata.

”Saya juga ingin mencadangkan supaya semua perpustakaan akademik di negara ini melaksanakan amalan baik OCLC,” katanya ketika berucap pada majlis Pemasyhuran Perpustakaan Tuanku Syed Faizuddin di Kampus Tetap Pauh Putra di sini malam tadi.

Raja Muda Perlis, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail selaku Canselor berkenan merasmikan perpustakaan UniMAP yang mengambil sempena nama baginda.

Pada majlis itu juga, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin berkenan merasmikan Radio UniMAP fm sebagai perintis untuk universiti berkenaan mengukuhkan nama dalam bidang penyiaran di negara ini.

Turut hadir dalam majlis berkenaan ialah Raja Puan Muda Perlis, Tuanku Lailatul Shahreen Akashah Khalil selaku Pro Canselor UniMAP.

Hadir sama, Exco Kerajaan Negeri, Japferi Othman dan Ketua Pengarah Jabatan Pengajian Tinggi, Prof. Datuk Dr. Rujhhan Mustaffa dan Duta Besar Kazakhstan ke Malaysia, Dr. Beibut Atamkulov.

Dr. Kamarudin berkata, gerbang perpustakaan akademik sepatutnya terbuka luas kepada semua kelompok masyarakat dan tidak terhad kepada golongan akademik semata-mata.

”Apa yang penting perpustakaan masa kini perlu memahami dengan mendalam mengenai aliran keperluan para pelanggan dan sentiasa bersedia untuk berubah,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, perpustakaan UniMAP kini memberi fokus kepada usaha mengumpul, menyimpan, memelihara dan menyediakan akses kepada artikel jurnal, laporan penyelidikan, objek penyelidikan, koleksi ucapan dan penerbitan warga UniMAP.

2012, Arkib Berita, Forum, Membaca, Perpustakaan, Rencana, Surat

NATIONAL LIBRARY: Need for information literacy workshops

Thursday, May 31, 2012

I REFER to the report “A new era for age-old habit” (New Sunday Times, May 27).

National Library director-general Datuk Raslin Abu Bakar is very happy with the increase in membership and in the number of books borrowed.

But he failed to mention the role the National Library must play to enable Malaysians to be information literate.

In her paper, “Information Literacy Development in Malaysia”, (Libri, vol. 59 (2008) pp. 265-280), N.N. Edzan states, “PNM (the National Library of Malaysia) has plans to develop information literacy packages at the basic, intermediate and advanced levels that can be used by trainers in information searching workshops”.

This is a very important role for the National Library, as most Malaysians are not information literate.

Information literacy is part of lifelong learning and is crucial not only for academic and research purposes, but also in decision-making.

The National Library of Singapore, through its NLB Academy, runs information literacy programmes, starting from primary schoolchildren to adults.

S.E. Tan, Petaling Jaya, Selangor

Read more: NATIONAL LIBRARY: Need for information literacy workshops – Letters to the Editor – New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/letters-to-the-editor/national-library-need-for-information-literacy-workshops-1.89418#ixzz1wPIuApuQ

2012, Aliran, Arkib Berita, Biasiswa/Pinjaman/Bantuan/Insentif, Pembangunan Sekolah, Perpustakaan

Chinese independent school gets allocation for resource centre from PM

Wednesday May 30, 2012

http://thestar.com.my/metro/story.asp?file=/2012/5/30/southneast/11372758&sec=southneast

By CHRISTINA TAN
newsdesk@thestar.com.my

BATU PAHAT: Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak has approved RM1mil allocation for a Chinese independent school here to build a resource centre.

Deputy Education minister Dr Mohd Puad Zarkashi, who presented the cheque to Bandar Penggaram Chinese High School recently, said the allocation was provided following a written request submitted by the school board of governors to the Premier during his official visit to Batu Pahat on April 7.

He said the school was established in 1940 and it has more than 3,000 students studying at the school located in Jalan Tanjung Labuh.

“The school needs support to build its resource centre as part of its effort to cultivate more outstanding students.

Generous contribution: Puad (third from left) presenting a RM1mil mock cheque to Bandar Penggaram Associated Chinese School chairman Tan Tai Kim (second left) during a dinner held in Batu Pahat.

“The approval of funds by the Prime Minister shows that he cares for all races and he keeps his promises,” he said during a check presentation ceremony attended by more than a thousand people.

Also present at the event was Penggaram assemblyman Datuk Koh Chee Chai, who represented MCA president Datuk Seri Dr Chua Soi Lek.

Dr Mohd Puad, who is also Batu Pahat MP, said the Prime Minister approved the allocation just after a few days he received the letter from the school.

He added that he had allocated RM300,000 to the school for its infrastructure development during an event held in January.

The school is hoping to build a four-storey resource centre, estimated to cost RM8mil, to replace its traditional library.

The centre will be a multi-functional modern library that comprises a history museum, training room, reading room, seminar hall and others.

Bandar Penggaram Associated Chinese School chairman Tan Tai Kim said he hoped the members of the public would support the resources centre project, which is significant to the community.

“The centre will incorporate the green environment concept and the school is considering to open the centre to the public to pay back the support that they have shown,” he said and thanked Dr Mohd Puad and Najib for the allocations provided.

Tan added that the centre would also have a campus environment for students and he hoped the alumni would contribute by donating their historical documents and photographs to the history museum.